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The attitude to a tattoo in Russia gradually changes. Whereas in the '90s and early 2000s, it was thought to be solely the attribute of criminals, now it's just a body ornament. Tattoos are actively tattooed by pop stars, athletes, and everyday people. Well as a profession master tattoo (tattooist) is one of the most demanded in the beauty industry. Let's understand who is a master tattooist and what he does.
How do masters practice when just starting out?
Professional tattoo artist Josh Hall said that learning the craft usually involves practicing in public, but that is not always possible. He says, "Most people start with very patient and understanding friends who are aware that starting out is never easy. Some salons may also allow an apprentice to practice on clients who agree to work with the beginner."
Beginning artists can also hone their skills with synthetic leather. This helps bridge the gap between working with paper and tattooing on real people. Other popular practical materials include raw oranges, boiled eggs, and balloons. But these, of course, don't compare to a real live "model."
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It is interesting that one of the popular professions of today - tattoo master, is not listed in the All-Russian Classifier of Working Professions and Positions of Employees.
Analysis of sites to find work showed that tattoo artists are waiting to work not only in the salons of Moscow and St. Petersburg. There are about 30 vacancies waiting for tattoo art specialists in Voronezh, Barnaul, Sterlitamak, Tula, Tyumen and other cities in Russia.
The basis of professional skills tattoo masters are the ability to draw well and knowledge in the field of medicine. Employers give preference to applicants educated at an art school or college. In addition, you will need a diploma of secondary medical education. Since a tattoo artist's job requires knowledge of disinfecting skin and tools, as well as the ability to treat wounds.
In order to acquire the necessary skills, a beginner tattooist should develop, attend master classes and courses of experienced colleagues for this purpose. Thus, the cost of the initial training course can be 15-25 thousand rubles.
Which needle is more painful to tattoo with?
Professional tattoo doctor Hanna Maruyama says that using a larger needle on sensitive areas can actually reduce pain.
"The lips are especially painless when using a larger needle," Hannah said. - "It seems counterintuitive, but a larger needle means the pressure is distributed more evenly.
Thin needles are used for smaller drawings with lots of detail, as well as colored tattoos. You can consult with an artist to determine what type of needles will be used for your tattoo, depending on its location and size.
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What don't tattoo artists like about their clients?
Josh Hall admitted that he dislikes tattooing drunk clients the most.
"A person with intoxication is more difficult to stay in place, it makes the work more difficult and sometimes dangerous," said the master. - Having alcohol in your system also increases bleeding and healing time."
Hall also noted that clients who are tipsy are more likely to regret their body drawings, so it's best to come to an appointment with a master with a clear head.
Hannah Maruyama said she particularly dislikes it when clients ask about her hourly rate.
"Asking about the hourly rate allows the client to pick on how fast I work, even though what they're really paying for is the end result," Hannah said. - You wouldn't ask a surgeon or an artist about their hourly rate, would you?"
The master also admitted that she doesn't like it when clients ask for too fancy a tattoo they've seen online. She said: "If you've seen someone else's tattoo, it doesn't mean the design fits your skin tone, muscle structure or desired size. It's much better to customize it by thinking through all the details beforehand."
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Features of the profession
Tattoo-masters are people who professionally apply drawings under the skin. They do this with the help of special ink. Which remain in the human body forever.
Tattoo masters can deal with absolutely any direction of tattooing. They can put beautiful, modern drawings on the body. Or they can specialize in tattoos from a bygone era that have already gone out of fashion.
It is important that the master has good tattooing skills. And make beautiful drawings. Which will look beautiful on the client's body.
What kind of tattoos can the master draw?
The master can stuff different types of tattoos under the skin. As traditional, black. As well as colored, made in monochrome style. Tattoos can carry absolutely any meaning. They can be as traditional. As well as non-trivial. For example, a teenager may apply under the skin of the client tattoos with pictures of animals. A variety of signs, runes. Pictures that depict people. Hieroglyphs. Inscriptions. And much more.
Tattoos for a teenager to apply everywhere. Not only in traditional places (arms, legs). But also on unusual. For example, on the face. On the back. Just above the buttocks. And so on.
On the professionalism of the teenager will depend on the further well-being of the client. If he has bad skills, the tattoo will disfigure the customer's body. And if good, it will beautify.
Who comes up with the tattoo?
The process of working on a particular tattoo goes as follows. The client searches for a sketch of a certain drawing himself. And then sends it to the tattoo master. The teenager carries out with the sketch some manipulation. And then invites him to his client. And nabivaet him the selected tattoo.
The master can develop a drawing and independently. However, for this, the client will have to clearly explain to him what he wants to see. And also pay money. After all, creating a sketch is also not a free project.
After that, the master will be able to start applying the tattoo under the client's skin.
Sometimes tattoo masters overlap the tattoos that have been done
A tattoo artist may have a tattoo overlaid. As part of this process, the teenager needs to review the client's previous drawing. And then help him choose a larger tattoo. Which, when applied, will be able to visually cover the previous one. And make sure that those around him were unnoticeable previous tattoo.
How does the master apply the tattoo?
To work as a tattoo master, a teenager will have to buy a special type of machine. A needle is inserted into it, on which the paint chosen by the specialist is applied. When the machine works, it, with the help of a needle, pierces the skin of the teenager. So that under it is the paint.
The teenager has to work with very important parts of the client's body. With his blood. That is why all the tools used by the tattoo artist should be as clean as possible. Sterile. In particular, special attention should be paid to gloves and a needle.
Tattoo masters can be compared to doctors to some extent. Sometimes they put drawings under the skin to help a person solve existing problems. With appearance. Or with insecurities.
Tattoos can be done not only on the skin
But also on the lips, eyelids, eyebrows. This technique is called "permanent makeup". Traditional tattoo-masters do not do it. However, a similar technique is often used in various beauty salons. With traditional tattoo-masters specialists of this spectrum have nothing in common.
Where do tattoo masters work?
Tattoo masters can either work in a tattoo salon or go into business. Open their own business. And apply tattoos at home. However, in this case, the teenager must have the qualities of an entrepreneur.
He will have to look for customers on their own. Do the books. Purchase materials for tattoos (paint, needles, disposable sterile gloves). Set prices for products. And so on.
In both cases, the teenager will have a high salary. However, if he opens his own business, he will be able to earn an infinite amount of money. He will have no restrictions in this regard. When working in a salon, the master, of course, will have to receive a fixed salary. Above which he will not be able to earn.
What qualities must have a potential tattoo master?
Profession tattoo master will suit a teenager, if he:
- Can draw.
- Is a creative young man.
- Has good fine motor skills.
- Has excellent eye sight.
- Does not have color blindness. Excellent perception of colors.
At the same time, a teenager is barred from the profession if he has various kinds of chronic infections. And also in the case if he has poor fine motor skills.
What happens if an artist makes a mistake?
Even professionals make mistakes, and if a tattooist notices it while painting, flushing the area can help. Hannah Maruyama said: "I've never had to use this technique, but a tattooist can use a saline solution to remove fresh color.
A flesh-colored ink can also be used to disguise the error, but this can make the area chalky and discolored as the tattoo ages. Josh Hall added that the best approach to fixing a mistake is to be honest with the client.
"It's better not to make a mistake, of course, but if you do, you have to admit it," he said. - Apologize, fix it and move on."
Do clients ever cry while getting a tattoo?
Tattoo artist Stefan Hipwell said clients do sometimes shed tears.
"Not many clients cry, but it happens," he said. - Tattoos can be very painful, so a little crying is normal."
Josh Hall also noted that some clients cry during a tattoo session for emotional reasons.
"Crying happens from time to time, but I've found that more often than not it has to do with emotional release rather than physical pain," he said.
What are the most and least painful places to tattoo?
How much pain is there when getting a tattoo? It all depends on a number of different factors, such as the thickness of the skin, whether the area is over bone or muscle, and the concentration of nerve cells is important.
"In my experience, I will say that the chest and groin hurt the most when getting a tattoo," Stefan Hipwell said. - The least painful are usually the arms and thighs."
Hanna Maruyama added that areas with very thin and sensitive skin can also be painful.
"The eyelids in particular can be sensitive; many people get very twitchy when they get a tattoo on them," she said. - Areolas can also hurt, especially if the scar tissue there requires extra pressure."
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There are many techniques for tattooing, for myself I chose handpoke . In terms of quality of work this technique is not inferior to those made with a tattoo machine. All the necessary information I found on the Internet - about how the skin and what materials I need. Now I do not stop studying what I do, because there is always something new.
For those who need supervision and guidance, I advise them to go to a course where there are several tattoo artists. Such training will be more effective and will save you from many mistakes in the beginning.
To begin with I made a list of necessary purchases: needles, black paint, caps, vaseline, spray-bottle, transfer paper, transfer gel, antiseptic, gloves and a few other items. All this cost me 5,000 rubles. - My starting capital.
How do artists feel about face tattoos?
Josh Hall said that while he's generally not against it, clients need to understand: drawings in prominent places can have professional and social implications.
"Among ourselves, we call face and neck tattoos the end of the job," the master said. - Whether you like it or not, the drawings in those places necessarily affect how people will interact with you."
Stefan Hipwell added that he tries to convince clients to ink in places that aren't as visible first, before making his own face a "canvas" for the artist.
"Neck or face tattoos are more common now, it's not such a gimmick anymore, but you have to make 200 percent sure your design in the most prominent place is a good idea first," he said.
How much do tattoo artists earn in other Russian cities
Based on the data of sites offering jobs for different categories of employees, we can conclude that the highest salaries are offered to masters by the owners of a new tattoo salon in Tula. They are looking for a creative person with an active life position and at the same time responsible and punctual for the place with a salary of 70 thousand rubles.
Resorts in the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus are in need of temporary tattoo artists. They are willing to pay 40-50 thousand rubles a month, provided that the work on the beach from 9.00 to 20.00, with a lunch break from 14.00 to 16.00. On the beaches of the Azov Sea in Yeisk the daily salary of the master of tattoo is 1000 rubles.
In St. Petersburg tattoo salons tattoo artists earn 55-120 thousand rubles, in Krasnodar and Yekaterinburg - 48-90 thousand rubles. In Sterlitamak tattoo master gets 23-25 thousand rubles. The lowest salaries have tattoo artists in Barnaul - 15 thousand rbl.
Average monthly income of Russian tattoo artists is 38-41 thousand rubles.
Do pre-session painkillers help or not?
Masters of tattoo admits that some drugs can help reduce discomfort, but they warn their clients against taking medication.
"I don't usually recommend that clients take painkillers before their visit," said Stefan Hipwell. - "In particular, some topical pain relief creams can adversely affect the quality of the tattoo.
It's also important to note that some over-the-counter and prescription painkillers, including ibuprofen and aspirin, thin the blood, so they can increase bleeding and interfere with the healing process. Therefore, before a visit to the tattoo artist, it is better to refuse to take any drugs for anesthesia. You just need to tune in psychologically and trust a professional.
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