Partak is a low-quality, poorly made tattoo, replete with many flaws, mistakes. It has fuzzy and blurred edges, bad colors. In general, such a tattoo looks repulsive. Today we will consider partaki tattoos - they are made by inexperienced or unprofessional masters, who do not know even elementary basics of drawing on the human body. However, the blame for partak should not be placed on such a master, but on the one who trusted him, having decided to save money. For more information on how such drawings are made, as well as how to avoid low-quality tattoos on the body - read below.
What is a partak?
A partak is a tattoo imposed by a non-professional artist with a homemade machine. In some cases, tattoo and partak are simply synonymous, to which the term "tattoo" can also be applied.
In frequent cases, unsuccessful tattoos are found on the shoulder of guys who have served in the army. Trusting a negligent artist, men become the owners of "shoal" tattoo, instead of the expected beautiful images of tigers, planes, inscriptions or other sketches.
Such images are characterized by a huge number of imperfections and inaccuracies. As a result, you get unrealistic, fuzzy and blurry drawings, made in an inappropriate color scheme.
Literature[ | ]
- Tattoo // The Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language : in 4 vol. V. I. Dal. - 2-nd ed. - SPb. St. Petersburg: M. O. Wolf Publishers, 1880-1882.
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Tattoos: Chrysanthemums, Dragons and Prayers //.
Meshcheryakov A. N.
The Book of Japanese Symbols. М., 2003. - С. 477-489
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Futuristic "Grim" // Bulletin of History, Literature, and Art / Department of Historical and Philosophical Sciences of RAS - M.: Sobranie; Nauka, 2005, pp. 88-99
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The Language of Tattoos. ISBN 978-5-9524-3200-0
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"Tattoo of bounty hunters"-Eastern Collection, No. 3, 2003 pp. 150-155.
- Baldaev, Danzig Sergeevich.
// Prisoner tattoos, Russian criminal tattoo.
- Arkady Bronnikov.
, expert criminalist "Russian prison tattoos from official police archives"
Is there a style of tattoo partak?
Sometimes in the world of body art drawings made in the style of tattoo Handpoke called partaki. And there's a reason for that. Handpoke involves drawing without the use of special equipment. In fact, the machine is replaced by a homemade construction consisting of an ordinary sewing needle screwed to a stick or other holder. That is how tattoos were tattooed in places of imprisonment and in the army in the past.
Today, this trend has its own fans and most often it is again young people. Some people prefer to put such drawings because of their unusual and original appearance. As a rule, they are small black tattoos, printed on the hand or leg.
Tattooing is the most common form of tattooing.
- ↑ 12
The author and the author's companion, D. Dahl. V. I. Dal. - 2-nd ed. - SPb. St. Petersburg: printing house of M. O. Wolf, 1880-1882.
- A Tahitian and English dictionary, with introductory remarks on the Polynesian language, and a short grammar of the Tahitian dialect: with an appendix containing a list of foreign words used in the Tahitian Bible, in commerce, etc., with the sources from whence they have been derived (unpublished)
. archive.org. Date of reference: 28 August 2021.
- Australian scientists determined age of oldest tattoo set in the world. TASS. Date of reference: March 5, 2019.
- Morton, Glenn R.
Foundation, Fall and Flood: A Harmonization of Genesis and Science. - 2nd ed. - Dallas, TX: DMD Pub. Co., 1995. - P. 146.
- Dickson, D. Bruce .
. The Dawn of Belief: Religion in the Upper Paleolithic of Southwestern Europe. - Tucson, AZ: The University of Arizona Press, 1990. - P. 42-43.
- For example: (Galatians 6:17).
- Ahmed Ibn Fadlan's book about his journey to the Volga in 921-922. (Unpublished).
. X.: Oriental Literature (1956). Date of reference: February 11, 2011.
- Tattoo Festival (Russian). tattoo-festival.ru. Date of accession: 28 August 2021.
- L.L. Barkova, S.V. Pankova.
Tattoos on mummies from the Pazyryk barrows in infrared rays.
. kronk.spb.ru. - Bulletin of History, Literature, and Art. Т. 3. М.: 2006. С. 31-42.. Date of circulation: 4 December 2021.
- The ringleader of Japanese gangsters was sued for the first time // Rossiiskaya gazeta 17.07.2013
- Takahiro Kitamura[en] & Katie M. Kitamura
Bushido-legacies of japanese tattoo Archived December 30, 2013 at the Wayback Machine. - ISBN 0-7643-1201-4.
- Rav Yaakov Shub How does Judaism treat tattoos?
- (op. cit.)
. azbyka.ru. Date of reference: August 28, 2021.
- "Ephrem the Syrian's Interpretation of Deuteronomy."
- Sins in Islam (in Russian), How to accept Islam.
(January 19, 2011). Archived May 5, 2011. Date of accession August 28, 2021.
- Is it possible to get a tattoo according to Islam? Date of reference August 28, 2021.
- Mayo Clinic Staff, "Tattoos: Understand risks and precautions. Mayo Clinic, February 28, 2020.
- "Think Before You Ink: Are Tattoos Safe?" // U.S. Food and Drug Administration, May 2, 2021.
- "Tattoos When Pregnant," // American Pregnancy Organization. March 18, 2021.
- "Tattoos and Piercings During Pregnancy" // Health and Parenting, March 18, 2020.
- "Toxic nanoparticles in tattoo ink may harm your immune system" // The Times of India, September 13, 2021.
- Scientists: Tattoo ink can cause cancer. (op. cit.)
. Russian newspaper. circulation date: August 28, 2021.
- "Tattoo Problems." University of Michigan, September 23, 2018.
- "Temporary Tattoos May Put You at Risk." U.S. Food and Drug Administration, March 25, 2013.
Portak and tattoo: the difference
A partak differs from a tattoo in that it is most often inked by novice artisans working from home. In most cases, it is young people who want to save their money, becomes the "guinea pig" of such woe-artists.
It is possible to recognize that you are going to get a partak on the following signs:
- Prices for tattoos are much lower than the average in professional salons;
- The master cannot confirm his qualification with documents;
- The tattooist has no portfolio with works;
- the artist imposes a tattoo without using a sketch;
- not professional, but self-made technique and low-quality materials are used;
- Unsanitary conditions are observed in the premises.
Nail patterns today
A few years ago, tattoos tightly entered our everyday life together with tattoo parlors on every street corner of large cities. If in the Slavic culture tattoos used to be tightly associated with places not so distant and the corresponding subjects of images, now masters have changed their handwriting and can spear everything from teddy bears and ending with images of trendy Hollywood actors.
Young people, who are particularly quick to pick up fashion trends, streamed into the salons to get hold of fancy drawings. What of this turned out, and why has become so popular question, what is a partak?
How to get rid of partak?
After a tumultuous youth, many people think about removing ugly partaks. You can get rid of them with five to eight sessions of laser resurfacing, or overlaying them with another, higher quality image.
However, it is worth knowing that large tattoos, such as those on the back, will not be able to be lasered "without a trace". Of course, they will become much more invisible, but they will still be visible. Eventually, they will have to be overlapped one way or another, or just put up with them.
As it turned out, anyone can figure out how to do a tattoo at home with a needle. The main thing here - not experience at all, the greatest importance is how seriously a person will take this process, whether he will follow all the recommendations concerning the care of it. But remember that home tattooing is always associated with the risk of getting serious infections. In no case do not use other people's or old needles, so as not to become a carrier of hepatitis, HIV infection or staphylococcus.
Below you can see examples of unsuccessful work done on the hands, feet and other parts of the body. We hope that these photos will warn you against the hands of an inexperienced master and visiting an unprofessional salon.
"And sometimes people died in pain." The evolution of tattoos and partaks: from Native Americans to portraits of former
O wondrous ancient world.
It is now accepted that the first tattoos originated 60,000 years ago. People believed that the world belonged to the gods and thus tried to show their connection with them. Europe, Asia, Australia, Oceania, North and South America are the places where body art originated. Most likely independently of each other.
3250 BC. - "cross" on the body of the "ice man Otzi" in the Tyrolean Alps - the oldest tattoo, which was only discovered in 1991.
4000 to 2000 B.C. - archaeologists have proven the first tattoos. Ancient statuettes with painted bodies from this period have been found in Egypt. Back then, partaks were made with improvised means: sharpened bones, animal teeth or plant thorns. Notches were made on the body and soot was rubbed into them. Each tribe had its own way of applying tattoos: scarification was used on dark skin, while ornaments, flowers, and signs were drawn on white skin. In Polynesian, "tattoo" means "sign.
All of these ornaments indicated affiliation and social status of the wearer. For example, in New Zealand, battle paint demonstrated a warrior's strength, power and bravery. However, the application procedure was so painful that it often resulted in death.
During the Neolithic period on the modern territory of Belarus and Russia tattoos were made in the form of geographical signs. Clay was hammered into fresh wounds and then it dried, leaving an ornament.
The 2nd millennium BC is the tentative beginning of the "fashion" for tattoos in ancient China. In ancient China, ink was put on the face of criminals only to let people know who they were dealing with. Even later it became a distinctive feature of the tribes.
There is a possibility that it was in China that the famous Japanese tattoos, dating back to the first century AD, originated. Geishas covered themselves with patterns that imitated clothing and made the body more sexy. Only the feet, palms and face remained untouched. By the way, in Japan, a tattoo could tell if a girl was married or not. It was even considered that the more patterns on the body, the stronger the bearer. And if there was no tattoo on the body, it could mean that the woman either did not give birth or the child was killed.
At that time, learning to be a tattooist was not so drastically different from the process today: in order to get a tattoo, you had to study for five years, know the history of your homeland, know how to mix ink and draw. In Polynesia, tattoos were made for children - it was believed that tattoos would protect them from dark forces. But the bodies of Indians were covered with body art as if it were a garment. By looking at the drawings, it was possible to get information about the origin of the person, his achievements and wealth. There was a tradition, to apply body painting after death, in order to be able to explain later the biography of the person.
Violation of the feelings of believers
In the first century AD the Scripture, in Leviticus (19.28) and also in the Old Testament says: "For the sake of the deceased do not make cuts on your body and do not tattoo on yourself any marks", and in 787, Pope Adrian I imposed a categorical ban on the pagan custom of tattooing. Obeying the dictates of the Catholic Church in those days led to nothing good, and the tradition of tattooing in Europe came to naught for almost a millennium.
In the VII century the Muslims refuse from tattoos, where the taboo is valid to this day. The Arabs considered the most reliable talisman was the commandments of the Koran engraved on the back.
920-921 - the first mention of the tattoo "in Russia" in the "Notes of the traveler on the Volga" by the Arabian writer Ibn Fallan: "I saw the Russians when they arrived on their trade affairs and settled near the river Atyl ... And from the edge of the nails of any of them to his neck is all green: trees, images and the like.
In the XIX century, tattoos marked themselves with carpenters, blacksmiths, tinsmiths. They hammered their hands with the symbols of their profession - about as in our time it is still done by sailors. And in China, criminals, thieves and prisoners of war had their foreheads marked with a letter, which made it difficult for them to escape and easier to identify. In Russia, they also used the word "thief" to brand the intruders, and the partak in the form of a cross was made to Catholics, so that they could no longer switch to another religion. So don't think that the swastika "engraved" on the foreheads of Germans in the movie Inglourious Basterds is an artistic exaggeration.
In the fifteenth century, the tattoo tradition was finally taken over by retired sailors, who began opening the first tattoo parlors in port cities. However, Victorian morality considered it too gory, and they were banned until the 19th century.
In 1600 - tattoos became an integral part of Japanese culture yakuza - the local mafia. Any member of the gang could be recognized: about 70% of the body was covered with pigment. It took more than 100 hours to apply that much ink, which showed the tolerance, resilience and endurance of a warrior. Despite this, Yakuza were forbidden to show their bodies in public. This tradition has survived to this day - you cannot enter a traditional Japanese bathhouse with tattoos.
In 1762, Captain James Cook made something of a revolution in the world of body painting. He brought back from Tahiti the "Great Omai," a fully tattooed Tahitian, and with him the culture itself. Since then, no fair or traveling circus has gone by without tattoo shops. After Cook, the term "tattoo" became common among different peoples and quickly spread around the world. And by the end of the century in Russia, the tattoo even became a symbol of the aristocracy and the capital's kutilniks - a fashion that lasted until the revolution.
In 1876 Edison created a pneumatic stencil pen, which was used to make tattoos. Whether Tom was happy about it is unknown - after all, he had invented it for something else entirely - for copying documents.
The popularization of body art in the United States began in 1891. Samuel O'Reilly invents an electric tattoo machine, which leads to the appearance of entire tattoo parlors. It is at this time that the ritual itself becomes a profitable business.
In Russia, only the rich can afford a tattoo. Emperor Nicholas II can, so he stuffs a dragon on his forearm when he travels in Japan.
The 20th century is a dynasty of Englishman George "The Professor" Barnett, who began tattooing his classmates at age 11, for which he was expelled from school two years later. He spent the next 12 years traveling the world and giving master classes to famous masters from Japan, Africa, and Asia. After such tours he quickly gained popularity, earning the nickname "The King of Tattooing." His clients included King Alfonso XIII of Spain, King Frederick IX of Denmark, King George V of England, the "Great Omi. But his favorite client was his wife: "My dear wife, Edith, the best model," said George, who did not stop "beating" until his death at the age of 81. He looked like a kind doctor in a white coat.
1905 - the first tattoo parlor in Russia. With the advent of Soviet power, however, body painting was curtailed and became a distinctive feature of prisoners. The body of a criminal could be used to identify the article for which he was incarcerated, his nationality, religion and sexual orientation. It is believed that prisoners began to stuff crosses and other church paraphernalia because of the ban on wearing crosses. After the October Revolution, body art was officially branded a "bourgeois relic of the tsarist regime" in the territory of the socialist camp.
Sex, Drugs, Tattoos
During the First World War, the letter D was used to mark deserters in Britain. And during World War II, the Nazis marked prisoners in order to identify prisoners of war. Members of the criminal organization "SS" were also tattooed, and their blood group was inscribed on their left forearm. Soviet soldiers tried to create as many images on body parts as possible - no one wanted to go missing.
In 1950, the first tattoo convention was held in Bristol, UK. Since then, the tattoo has shed its grim reputation. For the next decade, young people scored with the fervor of a man trying to breathe on before he died. Thanks to its release to the masses, the tattoo was even elevated to the rank of art. Such self-expression now meant personal freedom, plus renewed interest in the ancient history of tattooing. Cinematography began to feature sex symbols with uncomplicated body art.
The 1960s were a time of fame for Vysotsky and the movie "Seryozha. All this brings back the tattoos of the intelligentsia. Somewhere in a parallel universe (that is, America), physicist Theodore Maiman tries to remove tattoos with a laser for the first time.
1971 - the first tattooed man appears on the cover of the iconic Rolling Stones magazine. It is the master and founder of the tattoo museum Lyle Tuttle, Janis Joplin and Cher get their tattoos from him.
Another 10 years later, in the 1980s, the yard tattoo appeared. Those who had long wanted to tattoo something, but belonged neither to the military nor to prisoners, were left to learn how to "beat it" themselves, or go to a neighbor. Not surprisingly, backyard tattooing flourished thanks to rebellious teenagers.
In the late Soviet Union, subcultures were forming with a distinctive style - bikers, punks and rockers, soccer fans. Native art is the hallmark of each grouping, so everyone gets their own tattoo and develops their own style. The meaning of these tattoos is almost identical to that of the Indians.
Come the '90s. Nude paintings don't get aesthetic - and people don't care about beauty. The tattoo revolution happens after the USSR collapse. The first masters with a peculiar style appear - someone deals with old-school, someone with minimalism, someone specializes in domes. There is also this.
Finally, there is a cultural exchange between post-Soviet countries and the West. In spring 1995 in Moscow club "Hermitage" the first tattoo convention is held, where masters share experience with colleagues from other countries. Half-legally in Belarus, Ukraine and Russia tattoo salons are opened. At the same time in one of the most progressive cities in the world - New York - tattoos are prohibited by the Ministry of Health until 1996.
So what will you look like in your old age?
In the early 2000s, the number of tattoo studios can still be counted on the fingers. In Russia appears important in terms of tattoo culture formation network salons "Tattoo 3000" under the leadership of Dmitry Rechny. But by the noughties tattoos are already coming out of the underground - literally everyone is about to get hammered.
In 2006, the Guinness Book of World Records listed Lucky Diamond Rich as the most tattooed man in the world. His body is 99% inked. Following him comes Tom the Leopard - he has covered his body with leopard skin coloring and has put fangs in his mouth. Freaks come into fashion. In 2007, an eyeball tattoo injection takes place. The Muscovite who did it is named Ilya Bomber.
By 2010 with a tattoo it is already accepted to underscore one's individuality, with it falls the aureole of mystique and mystique. There appear currents: tribal, new-school, realism, thrash polka, Dotwork, blackwork, chicano and dozens of others. The fashion for tattoos is noticeable - with the passage of time different drawings lose and gain trends.
2012. The watercolor sketches are coming in hot. Tattoo masters spend long hours to make their work look like a painting, using bright colors without black outlines.
In 2013, the first nationwide Tattoo Fest was held in Minsk. Now Belarus officially has a tattoo market.
In 2021, the most tattooed woman in history, Julia Gnuse, an American woman who covered 95% of her body with images of characters from TV shows and movies, dies. Initially, she tried to hide her scars caused by porphyria, a disease that causes her skin to suffer when exposed to the sun. That same year, muay thai champion Asya Makhno of Belarus gets a tattoo of the president of Belarus and opens up the country's trend for "patriotic" tattoos. Around the same time, variations of the Belarusian embroidery and ornaments become popular, and people with images of Kalinovsky and Korotkevich appear in Minsk.
2018. Watercolor tattoos are receding into the background, with black drawings of geometric shapes and total blackwork taking their place. By 2019, the tattoo is so prevalent that it ceases to function as a status indicator. Even glow-in-the-dark tattoos are a thing of the past - now there is ink compatible with augmented reality apps that work with a smartphone.
A team at the University of Minnesota is creating 3D printing technology - an "electronic tattoo" that is easy to get rid of when you get tired of it. Questions like "do you know it's for life?" or "it's going to look bad in old age!" smoothly fall away - we're all going to look different in old age than we did in our 20s. And everyone seems to have figured that out by now.